To the south are the small hamlets of Westlinton and Blackford, both located on a great droving road between Scotland and England. Smithfield, in the parish of Kirklinton, was on another carrier route and named after the London market because of the amount of goods and livestock that passed through the village. Boltonfellend and Hethersgill are quiet hamlets adjoining the vast expanses of peat lands and raised mosses.
South of Smithfield is Scaleby with its curious castle surrounded by a moat. Over in the west is Rockcliffe, a peaceful village near where the River Eden empties its watery load into the muddy expanses of the Solway Firth. In the north, the hamlets of Easton, Moat, Catlowdy and Kershopefoot straddle a wide area with reiver connections that includes Netherby Hall and the towers at Kirkandrews and Brackenhill - all ancestral homes of the Graham clan.
The Longtown area is blessed with a myriad of footpaths, bridleways, quiet lanes and forest tracks that crisscross the countryside and open up the area for exploration on foot, by cycle or on horseback.
Hadrian's Wall Path National Trail (84 miles/135 km) follows the course of the world-renowned Roman Wall through dramatic scenery between Bowness-on-Solway and Wallsend at Tynemouth (via Carlisle).
The Cumbria Coastal Way (124 miles/200 km) follows footpaths close to the Cumbrian shoreline, taking in Morecambe Bay, Duddon Estuary, St Bees and the Solway AONB. The route passes through Rockcliffe village and ends at Metal Bridge on the River Esk.
The East Cumbria Countryside Project has produced an excellent series of ‘Discover Eden' booklets detailing walks and features of interest within the River Eden catchment. ‘Carlisle to Rockcliffe' is one of 14 booklets that are available from local Tourist Information Centres.
Whitecloserigg Farm Trail (2½ mile/4 km) is a beautiful woodland and riverside walk along the River Lyne that is suitable for all the family. The start/finish is at Whiteclose Farm, 8 miles (12 km) to the east of Longtown.
Further upstream another farm trail can be followed at organically-managed Whiteholme Farm. The farm and woodland walk takes approximately 1½ hours to complete (2 miles/3.2 km).