The extensive broadleaved woodlands of the Rusland Valley have not always presented the tranquil scene they do today. Less than 100 years ago, these woods were a 'factory floor' producing prodigious quantities of coppiced wood for bobbins, barrels, tool handles, swill baskets, clogs and, most important of all, charcoal. The availability of charcoal and copious supplies of running water were the main reasons why the Leven and Crake valleys came to support industries from iron furnaces and gunpowder works to the manufacture of ultramarine washing powders. The two valleys also acted as conduits for the transport of goods and materials, and at their confluence is Greenodd. This once busy port flourished on the export of slate, copper, wrought iron, timber, wool, lead and gunpowder but now quietly overlooks the Leven estuary.