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Silloth

The Solway’s outstanding landscapes, diverse habitats and rich heritage have a special character that is recognised as the Solway Coast AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty). Here the river Eden discharges its waters into the Solway Firth – a narrow estuary separating England and Scotland – where the eye is captured by the broad expanse of tidal waters, mudflats and grazed fields interrupted by windswept trees and long skeins of geese flying overhead. The mudflats and salt marshes are rich feeding grounds for thousands of shorebirds and winter migrants – a birdwatcher’s paradise – whilst inland, the undulating dune grasslands and raised mires harbour specialised communities of plants and animals.

The natural indentation of the Solway Firth also influenced the building of Hadrian’s Wall in AD 122, a 73-mile (117 km) frontier between Bowness-on-Solway and Wallsend (Tynemouth) that marked the northern extent of the Roman Empire. Although the wall is no longer visible in this area (much of the stone was re-used in later buildings), evidence of Roman occupation survives.

Book Your Stay

 
Crookhurst Farm

Crookhurst Farm & Cottages

Self-catering with 3 units, £400-£1500 pupw sleeps 1-12

Stanwix Park Holiday Centre

Stanwix Park Holiday Centre

Holiday, Touring & Camping Park with 127 pitches, £22-£27 ptpn

Stanwix Park Holiday Centre

Stanwix Park Holiday Centre

Holiday, Touring & Camping Park (SC) with 103 units, £179-£613 pupw sleeps 4-6

Things to do

What's on

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There are a variety of events taking place in Silloth and the surrounding areas over the year. Why dont you check out the calendar and see what's on while you're here?

For events happening around the county, click below for our What's On page.
 

Browse All Events

Surrounding Areas

Bowness-on-Solway Village
Allonby Beach

Culture and Heritage

Silloth sign post
Silloth Town Centre
Silloth Promenade
At its height, the Roman Empire stretched from Africa to the Scottish borders, with the northern frontier demarcated by the building of Hadrian's Wall between Tynemouth and the Solway. The large fort of Maia at Bowness-on-Solway was at the westernmost end of the Wall, guarding the crossings over the Solway, with a series of forts and milefortlets every Roman mile down the coast to Ravenglass. Hardly anything remains of the Wall or its supporting forts in the Solway area as much of the stone was re-used in later buildings. Since the Roman invasion the area has witnessed the ebb and flow of new settlers and influences, all of which have left their mark on the landscape. Norman influence came primarily with the building of Holm Cultram Abbey and a number of churches and castles at Beaumont and Burgh-by-Sands, both now demolished. The Abbey owned extensive lands and property around the Solway and had a port at Skinburness from which they exported wool.
 
Edward I based his naval vessels at Skinburness to supply troops and provisions prior to his assault on Scotland. Edward's attempts to claim supremacy over Scotland resulted in a series of uprisings throughout the border lands. This lawlessness continued up to the 17th century in the shape of reiving - the stealing of livestock and goods practised by raiding parties from both England and Scotland. During this time, several fortified buildings were erected to defend inhabitants against Scottish raids. Sometimes churches were built with defensive towers (as at Burgh-by-Sands and Newton Arlosh) to provide a place of refuge; elsewhere pele towers and fortified houses, such as at Drumburgh Castle were erected. Smuggling was rife along the Solway coast, with goods such as spirits, tobacco and fine textiles regularly smuggled in from Scotland, Ireland and the Isle of Man. Wool, by contrast, was smuggled out of the county. Transport was the key to the area's fortunes and decline. The need to link Carlisle with the sea prompted the building of a canal in 1823 from Port Carlisle to the city. By 1854 the canal had been filled in and a railway built in its place, which extended westwards to a new port and docks at Silloth. This was the heyday of prosperity for Silloth. Today, Silloth retains an air of Victorian leisure and is a popular destination for its mild climate, recreational facilities and spectacular sunsets.
Silloth Sea Front

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