natural environment of borrowdale...
Borrowdale is renowned for its ancient atlantic oak woodlands. These are the last remnants of the temperate rainforests that once covered the western coasts of Britain. The woods, dominated by sessile oaks, provide a unique habitat for rare liverworts, lichens, ferns and mosses and are rich in insect and bird life.
Borrowdale is a glacial landscape. Evidence of the last Ice Age is everywhere - classic U-shaped valleys, roches moutonées (ice-smoothed rock outcrops), hanging valleys and abandoned erratics (large boulders dumped by the retreating ice). Glaciers once gouged their way through this valley, plucking off lumps of rock, polishing exposed outcrops and stripping top soils. When the ice began to melt 10,000 years ago, all this eroded material was dumped in the form of moraines (linear ridges), at least three have been identified in the Rosthwaite area.
The Bowder Stone (NY 254 164), a huge boulder of some 1250 tons, is seemingly precariously balanced on one corner. At the bottom, if you dare to do so, it is just possible to shake hands with someone on the other side.